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Owning Yourself

“The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself.” Friedrich Nietzsche


Love promise

“Love is a promise; love is a souvenir, once given never forgotten, never let it disappear.” John Lennon

Doubt and Confidence

When in doubt proceed with confidence; when confident proceed with doubts. ODB “An instinct is weakened when it rationalizes itself: for by rationalizing itself it weakens itself.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy/The Case of Wagner

Love and Justice

“Love that does not satisfy justice is no love at all. It is merely a sentimental affection, little more than what one would have for a pet. Love at its best is justice concretized. Love is unconditional. It is not conditional upon one’s staying in his place or watering down his demands in order to […]

Id, Ego, Superego

“Many are stubborn in pursuit of the path they have chosen. Few in pursuit of the goal.”  Friedrich Nietzsche “The author must keep his mouth shut when his work starts to speak.”  Friedrich Nietzsche “Deeds need time, even after they are done, in order to be seen or heard.”  Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science with […]

A Section of Humanity

So long as there are people who deny our humanity as blacks, then for so long must we proclaim and assert our humanity as blacks. That is why our historical and cultural heritage is so important, and that is why we must proceed to live our culture because culture is a way of life. We must recover […]

Narratives, narrating and narrators

“The storyteller replies to the expectant people by successive approximations, and makes his way, apparently alone but in fact helped on by his public, towards the seeking out of new patterns, that is to say national patterns. Comedy and farce disappear, or lose their attraction. As for dramatisation, it is no longer placed on the […]

“All Deliberate Speed”

“As Thurgood Marshall and other civil rights lawyers pondered the second decision, they tried to ascertain what the Court meant in adding the crucial phrase “all deliberate speed” to its opinion. It is reported that, after the lawyers read the decision, a staff member consulted a dictionary to confirm their worst fears—that the “all deliberate […]

Delegitimate Differences

In a message for tolerance, uttered in French, Pope Benedict XVI said humanity should accept legitimate differences, “just like Jesus came to pull together men from every nation and speaking every language.” If we accept legitimate differences how to do we reject illegitimate differences once ‘the elect’ identifies them for us? What other than tolerance should humanity have for differences that ‘the elect’ deems illegitimate?

Social Relations of Power: Privileged Equilibriums

A sanitized synchronic discourse of difference and conflicts-of-difference sanctifies privileged equilibriums of power (status quos). By ‘sanctify’, it is meant here that experiences of difference and conflicts-of-difference are inoculated against the histories (past experiences of difference) from which they unfold into the present experiences of difference. Sanctifying a status quo in social relations of power, renders challenges to privileged […]

Curriculum Vitae

Tom L. States PhD Candidate

Fields of Interest: Political Theory, International Relations, Marxist Political Economy

Research Topic: eRacism - Conflicts of Difference

Education History: Williams College, BA Political Science; New York University, MA Politics; York University PhD Candidate

Languages: English, German

Hometown: Greenwood, Mississippi

Words of Wisdom: “IT” is what you are when you are young. Your youth mistakes certainty of the few things that you think you know for knowledge of things that it takes a life time to understand. With time and a few life experiences “IT” becomes the thing you pursue to give your life meaning. Somewhere along the way of having or getting “IT” you ask yourself, ‘Is this “IT”? Panic sets in when you realize that “IT” is your life. Fear and insecurity is that feeling you get when “IT” has not been worth a life time.


Harvey, David. Justice, Nature, and the Geography of Difference. New York: Longman, 1996.

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin White Masks. Trans. Charles Lam Markmann. New York: Grove Press. 1967.

Cancian, Francesca M. Gender Politics: Love and Power in the Private and Public Spheres. Gender and the Life Course. Ed. Alice S. Rossi. New York: Aldine, 1985.

Sand, Shlomo. The Invention of the Jewish People. New York: Verso, 2009.

Lay, Shawn. The Invisible Empire In The West: Toward a New Historical Appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920's. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2004.


Carothers, Thomas. Think Again: Civil Society. Foreign Policy Date, (Winter: 1999-2000).

Ober, Josiah. The original meaning of "democracy": Capacity to do things, not majority rule. Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics. American Political Science Association meetings, Philadelphia, (2006).